Best 7 Databases to Follow in 2024

February 16, 2024
15 min read

As businesses become more data-driven, adopting the best databases is essential to differentiate in the competitive market. With different types of databases available, choosing the right one to streamline the data flow is crucial. This article will provide an extensive list of top databases, enabling you to choose the most suitable ones for your business requirements.

7 Top Databases in 2024

Let's explore some of the top databases available in the market and examine their features in detail.


MySQL is a relational database management system (RDBMS) that lets you manage data within a database using structured query language (SQL). It is a popular open-source software utilized by the world's most accessed applications, including Facebook and Netflix. Additionally, it can be integrated with other programming languages, such as PHP and Java, making it easy to build applications using these languages.

Key Features:

  • MySQL can support standard SQL syntax and is fully ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability) compliant, ensuring data consistency and reliability.
  • It is compatible with various operating systems, including Linux, Windows, and macOS, making it accessible to all levels of users.
  • MySQL ensures strong data security through its multiple security layers. Only authorized individuals can access the database using encrypted passwords.
  • It seamlessly integrates with cloud platforms like Google Cloud Platform (GCP), offering flexible database services for cloud-based deployments.
  • MySQL offers robust support for geospatial data types and functions, facilitating the storage and analysis of geographic information for applications.


PostgreSQL is a free, open-source, hybrid database system combining relational and object-oriented features. It was the first DBMS that implemented multi-version concurrency control (MVCC) features. MVCC allows multiple users to interact with the Postgres database concurrently without blocking each other, resulting in increased efficiency.

Key Features:

  • PostgreSQL offers native support for JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) data type. It supports advanced indexing and querying capabilities for efficient handling of JSON data.
  • It provides built-in synchronous replication, ensuring continuous availability and fault tolerance.
  • PostgreSQL supports materialized views, which are pre-computed and stored query results. This improves query performance by reducing the need for repetitive computations.
  • Its foreign data wrapper feature allows you to access and manipulate data from remote, external sources as if in a local Postgres database.
  • To extend Postgres functionality, you can also incorporate custom functions from various programming languages like C++, Java, and more.


MongoDB is a non-relational and document-oriented database that supports storing and querying structured as well as unstructured data. It stores the data records in structures known as documents. These documents can then be grouped into collections, allowing for efficient organization and retrieval of related datasets. Furthermore, MongoDB's schema-less design eliminates the need for predefined data schemas, making it well-suited for handling unstructured data.

Key Features:

  • Documents in MongoDB are stored in a BSON (binary-encoded JSON format). This significantly enhances performance compared to traditional JSON storage methods.
  • It supports ad-hoc (dynamic) queries and aggregation, providing a flexible and powerful querying mechanism.
  • MongoDB's sharding feature allows you to scale your database horizontally, meaning distributing your data across multiple machines. It is a type of partitioning that separates extensive databases into smaller, easily managed parts called data shards.
  • It offers a robust replication feature that allows you to create redundant copies of your data across multiple servers. This helps protect the database from the loss of a single server.
  • MongoDB offers a wide range of security features, including access control, encryption, and auditing, to protect your data and ensure compliance.

Apache Cassandra

Cassandra is a NoSQL database designed for handling large datasets. Unlike traditional databases confined to a single server, it distributes your data across multiple machines in a cluster. Cassandra replicates data, so even if one node fails, others can seamlessly pick up, ensuring continuous data access. This makes it suitable for applications that require extensive amounts of data to be processed and accessed quickly. 

Key Features:

  • Cassandra offers schema flexibility, allowing you to store and retrieve data without predefined schemas.
  • It uses a SQL-like query language called CQL(Cassandra Query Language). CQL supports familiar syntax for creating, querying, and modifying data, making it easier to work with Cassandra.
  • Cassandra provides tunable consistency levels. This allows you to configure the consistency requirements for read and write operations based on your application's needs. 
  • It supports incremental backup and restore operations. This will enable you to restore data efficiently without performing full backups regularly.
  • Cassandra's data model is optimized explicitly for high write throughput, making it ideal for applications that require rapid and efficient write operations. 

You can visit another insightful article on Cassandra vs MongoDB to explore the nuanced differences of prominent NoSQL databases.


InfluxDB is a time-series database designed for storing and retrieving timestamped data efficiently. It is optimized for handling data points that are associated with timestamps, such as metrics, events, and sensor readings. With its optimized architecture, InfluxDB can handle large volumes of data points with minimal latency.

Key Features:

  • InfluxDB supports SQL-like query language (InfluxQL) for querying and manipulating time-series data. This makes it easy for those familiar with SQL to interact with the database.
  • It offers built-in alerting and monitoring capabilities. This allows you to set up alerts based on predefined thresholds and monitor database performance.
  • InfluxDB's tagging system enables you to add metadata to data points. This facilitates efficient filtering and grouping of time-series data during queries.
  • It offers high availability options such as clustering and replication. This ensures fault tolerance by maintaining multiple copies of data across nodes.
  • InfluxDB seamlessly integrates with popular visualization tools like Grafana. It lets you create stunning dashboards and reports to showcase your data insights effectively.


It is a NoSQL database service provided by AWS. It operates on a key-value and document-oriented data model, where each item (or row) is uniquely identified by a primary key. The key can consist of a single attribute (a partition key) or a combination of two attributes (partition key and sort key). This design enables DynamoDB to efficiently distribute data across multiple servers while ensuring fast and predictable performance.

Key Features:

  • DynamoDB encrypts data at rest using AWS Key Management Service (KMS), providing an additional layer of security. You can specify encryption settings at the table level to ensure data confidentiality.
  • It offers backup and restore capabilities to protect data against accidental deletion or corruption.
  • DynamoDB integrates with other AWS services, such as AWS Lambda, Amazon S3, Amazon EMR, and Amazon Redshift. This enables you to build scalable and efficient data-driven applications.
  • It automatically scales both read and write capacity to accommodate changes in workload demand. 
  • DynamoDB Global Tables enables you to replicate your data seamlessly across multiple AWS regions, ensuring high availability.


InterBase is a high-performance relational database management system (RDBMS) developed by Embarcadero Technologies. It operates on a client-server architecture and supports SQL for data manipulation and retrieval. What sets InterBase apart is its seamless integration with development tools like Delphi and C++Builder, enabling you to build scalable applications with minimal effort.

Key Features:

  • InterBase supports incremental backups, allowing you to create database backup copies with minimal overhead.
  • It offers seamless compatibility across various operating systems, including Windows, Linux, macOS, and iOS, ensuring flexibility in application deployment across diverse platforms.
  • InterBase employs MVCC to handle concurrent transactions efficiently, ensuring data integrity.
  • It provides point-in-time recovery (PITR) capabilities to restore databases to specific points in time. This minimizes data loss in the event of failures.
  • InterBase includes performance optimization features such as query optimization, indexing, and caching mechanisms to enhance query execution speed.

How Can Airbyte Help You With Data Excellence?

If you are utilizing a variety of modern databases for business operations, it could be highly challenging to analyze data from diverse sources. To simplify this process, you can use a data integration and replication tool like Airbyte to seamlessly consolidate and synchronize data from multiple sources into a single unified platform. This will allow you to gain comprehensive insights and make well-informed decisions.

Here are the key features of Airbyte:

  • Connectors: Airbyte offers an extensive library of over 350 pre-built connectors. This enables seamless extraction and loading of data from various database sources like MySQL, Postgres, Microsoft SQL Server, and more to your desired target system. The process is fully automated, so you don't need coding skills to complete the job.
  • CDK: If you need to set up a connection with a source that isn't already available in the pre-built connectors, you can easily create a custom one. Connector Development Kit (CDK) enables you to tailor your connection to specific sources, ensuring seamless integration and data extraction according to your unique requirements.
  • CDC: Airbyte’s Change Data Capture (CDC) technique allows you to capture and synchronize data changes from source systems. This ensures the target system remains up-to-date with the ongoing changes. 
  • Data Transformation: For performing custom transformations, Airbyte allows you to integrate with dbt, a well-known data transformation tool. This ensures that data is efficiently processed and prepared according to specific business requirements. 

Wrapping Up

With many databases out there, picking the one that suits your business is essential. This article has explored some of the most popular databases, highlighting their unique features and strengths. Whether it's the flexibility of MongoDB or the robustness of PostgreSQL, understanding the unique offerings of each database empowers you to choose the best database for your specific needs and objectives.

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