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How to load data from CSV File Destination to BigQuery

Learn how to use Airbyte to synchronize your CSV File Destination data into BigQuery within minutes.

TL;DR

This can be done by building a data pipeline manually, usually a Python script (you can leverage a tool as Apache Airflow for this). This process can take more than a full week of development. Or it can be done in minutes on Airbyte in three easy steps:

  1. set up CSV File Destination as a source connector (using Auth, or usually an API key)
  2. set up BigQuery as a destination connector
  3. define which data you want to transfer and how frequently

You can choose to self-host the pipeline using Airbyte Open Source or have it managed for you with Airbyte Cloud.

This tutorial’s purpose is to show you how.

What is CSV File Destination

CSV (Comma Separated Values) file is a tool used to store and exchange data in a simple and structured format. It is a plain text file that contains data separated by commas, where each line represents a record and each field is separated by a comma. CSV files are widely used in data analysis, data migration, and data exchange between different software applications. The CSV file format is easy to read and write, making it a popular choice for storing and exchanging data. It can be opened and edited using any text editor or spreadsheet software, such as Microsoft Excel or Google Sheets. CSV files can also be imported and exported from databases, making it a convenient tool for data management. CSV files are commonly used for storing large amounts of data, such as customer information, product catalogs, financial data, and scientific data. They are also used for data analysis and visualization, as they can be easily imported into statistical software and other data analysis tools. Overall, the CSV file is a simple and versatile tool that is widely used for storing, exchanging, and analyzing data.

What is BigQuery

BigQuery is a cloud-based data warehousing and analytics platform that allows users to store, manage, and analyze large amounts of data in real-time. It is a fully managed service that eliminates the need for users to manage their own infrastructure, and it offers a range of features such as SQL querying, machine learning, and data visualization. BigQuery is designed to handle petabyte-scale datasets and can be used for a variety of use cases, including business intelligence, data exploration, and predictive analytics. It is a powerful tool for organizations looking to gain insights from their data and make data-driven decisions.

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Prerequisites

  1. A CSV File Destination account to transfer your customer data automatically from.
  2. A BigQuery account.
  3. An active Airbyte Cloud account, or you can also choose to use Airbyte Open Source locally. You can follow the instructions to set up Airbyte on your system using docker-compose.

Airbyte is an open-source data integration platform that consolidates and streamlines the process of extracting and loading data from multiple data sources to data warehouses. It offers pre-built connectors, including CSV File Destination and BigQuery, for seamless data migration.

When using Airbyte to move data from CSV File Destination to BigQuery, it extracts data from CSV File Destination using the source connector, converts it into a format BigQuery can ingest using the provided schema, and then loads it into BigQuery via the destination connector. This allows businesses to leverage their CSV File Destination data for advanced analytics and insights within BigQuery, simplifying the ETL process and saving significant time and resources.

Step 1: Set up CSV File Destination as a source connector

1. Open the Airbyte platform and navigate to the "Destinations" tab on the left-hand side of the screen.
2. Click on the "CSV File" destination connector.
3. Click on the "Create new connection" button.
4. Enter a name for your connection and select the workspace you want to use.
5. Enter the path where you want to save your CSV file.
6. Choose the delimiter you want to use for your CSV file.
7. Select the encoding you want to use for your CSV file.
8. Choose whether you want to append data to an existing file or create a new file each time the connector runs.
9. Enter any additional configuration settings you want to use for your CSV file.
10. Click on the "Test" button to ensure that your connection is working properly.
11. If the test is successful, click on the "Create" button to save your connection.
12. Your CSV File destination connector is now connected and ready to use.

Step 2: Set up BigQuery as a destination connector

1. First, you need to have a Google Cloud Platform account and a project with BigQuery enabled.

2. Go to the Google Cloud Console and create a new service account with the necessary permissions to access your BigQuery data.

3. Download the JSON key file for the service account and keep it safe.

4. Open Airbyte and go to the Sources page.

5. Click on the "Create a new source" button and select "BigQuery" from the list of available sources.

6. Enter a name for your source and click on "Next".

7. In the "Connection Configuration" section, enter the following information:  
- Project ID: the ID of your Google Cloud Platform project  
- JSON Key: copy and paste the contents of the JSON key file you downloaded earlier  
- Dataset: the name of the dataset you want to connect to

8. Click on "Test Connection" to make sure everything is working correctly.

9. If the test is successful, click on "Create Source" to save your configuration.

10. You can now use your BigQuery source connector to extract data from your dataset and load it into Airbyte for further processing.

Step 3: Set up a connection to sync your CSV File Destination data to BigQuery

Once you've successfully connected CSV File Destination as a data source and BigQuery as a destination in Airbyte, you can set up a data pipeline between them with the following steps:

  1. Create a new connection: On the Airbyte dashboard, navigate to the 'Connections' tab and click the '+ New Connection' button.
  2. Choose your source: Select CSV File Destination from the dropdown list of your configured sources.
  3. Select your destination: Choose BigQuery from the dropdown list of your configured destinations.
  4. Configure your sync: Define the frequency of your data syncs based on your business needs. Airbyte allows both manual and automatic scheduling for your data refreshes.
  5. Select the data to sync: Choose the specific CSV File Destination objects you want to import data from towards BigQuery. You can sync all data or select specific tables and fields.
  6. Select the sync mode for your streams: Choose between full refreshes or incremental syncs (with deduplication if you want), and this for all streams or at the stream level. Incremental is only available for streams that have a primary cursor.
  7. Test your connection: Click the 'Test Connection' button to make sure that your setup works. If the connection test is successful, save your configuration.
  8. Start the sync: If the test passes, click 'Set Up Connection'. Airbyte will start moving data from CSV File Destination to BigQuery according to your settings.

Remember, Airbyte keeps your data in sync at the frequency you determine, ensuring your BigQuery data warehouse is always up-to-date with your CSV File Destination data.

Use Cases to transfer your CSV File Destination data to BigQuery

Integrating data from CSV File Destination to BigQuery provides several benefits. Here are a few use cases:

  1. Advanced Analytics: BigQuery’s powerful data processing capabilities enable you to perform complex queries and data analysis on your CSV File Destination data, extracting insights that wouldn't be possible within CSV File Destination alone.
  2. Data Consolidation: If you're using multiple other sources along with CSV File Destination, syncing to BigQuery allows you to centralize your data for a holistic view of your operations, and to set up a change data capture process so you never have any discrepancies in your data again.
  3. Historical Data Analysis: CSV File Destination has limits on historical data. Syncing data to BigQuery allows for long-term data retention and analysis of historical trends over time.
  4. Data Security and Compliance: BigQuery provides robust data security features. Syncing CSV File Destination data to BigQuery ensures your data is secured and allows for advanced data governance and compliance management.
  5. Scalability: BigQuery can handle large volumes of data without affecting performance, providing an ideal solution for growing businesses with expanding CSV File Destination data.
  6. Data Science and Machine Learning: By having CSV File Destination data in BigQuery, you can apply machine learning models to your data for predictive analytics, customer segmentation, and more.
  7. Reporting and Visualization: While CSV File Destination provides reporting tools, data visualization tools like Tableau, PowerBI, Looker (Google Data Studio) can connect to BigQuery, providing more advanced business intelligence options. If you have a CSV File Destination table that needs to be converted to a BigQuery table, Airbyte can do that automatically.

Wrapping Up

To summarize, this tutorial has shown you how to:

  1. Configure a CSV File Destination account as an Airbyte data source connector.
  2. Configure BigQuery as a data destination connector.
  3. Create an Airbyte data pipeline that will automatically be moving data directly from CSV File Destination to BigQuery after you set a schedule

With Airbyte, creating data pipelines take minutes, and the data integration possibilities are endless. Airbyte supports the largest catalog of API tools, databases, and files, among other sources. Airbyte's connectors are open-source, so you can add any custom objects to the connector, or even build a new connector from scratch without any local dev environment or any data engineer within 10 minutes with the no-code connector builder.

We look forward to seeing you make use of it! We invite you to join the conversation on our community Slack Channel, or sign up for our newsletter. You should also check out other Airbyte tutorials, and Airbyte’s content hub!

What should you do next?

Hope you enjoyed the reading. Here are the 3 ways we can help you in your data journey:

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CSV is a popularly used data format for storing structured or unstructured data in a tabular format or within a plain text file separated by commas. It is used by businesses to facilitate data exchange and storage, as CSV offers a lightweight and human-readable way to represent data. CSV is commonly employed for tasks such as data import or export, backups, sharing between different applications, and as a medium format for analysis. With benefits, it also has some limitations, like a lack of support for data types, relationships between data, and nested data. However, by moving data from CSV to BigQuery, you can address these limitations and unlock a multitude of benefits.

Let’s learn how!

What is BigQuery?

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Developed by Google, BigQuery is a fully managed and serverless enterprise-ready data warehouse and analytics platform. With BigQuery, you can store, analyze, and gain valuable insights from your data. This makes it a versatile tool for data-driven organizations.

By moving data from CSV to BigQuery, you can streamline your data management and analysis processes. The other advantages include:

  • BigQuery is a highly scalable and distributed data warehouse. This makes it suitable to handle enormous amounts of data. 
  • The serverless architecture of BigQuery ensures that you don’t need to worry about managing infrastructure. This allows you to completely focus on data analysis.
  • BigQuery supports standard SQL Queries. If your team is familiar with SQL, you can quickly use it for complex queries and reporting. 
  • Bigquery seamlessly integrates with other Google Cloud services. This includes Cloud Storage, Dataflow, and Data Studio. This enables you to create an ecosystem that simplifies data management.

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Why use Airbyte to Upload CSV Data to BigQuery?

Some key features of Airbyte include:

  • Airbyte provides an intuitive interface for importing data, allowing you to interactively configure load options and monitor the process. Get started with Airbyte for free.
  • It offers a growing library of 350+ extensive source and destination connectors
  • Based on configuration settings, Airbyte can automatically discover and infer the source schema changes.
  • Using Airbyte, you can establish a Change Data Capture (CDC) pipeline based on logs without the requirement to parse logs manually. 
  • Airbyte allows users to apply transformations using a web-based interface, making it accessible to non-technical users.
  • It supports incremental data synchronization, enabling efficient data replication between various systems.
  • Being open-source, Airbyte has an active community of developers who contribute to its development and offer support through forums.

Replicate Data from CSV to BigQuery Using Airbyte

Airbyte is an open-source data integration platform. It is designed to facilitate the collection and movement of data from various sources to different destinations. Its destinations include popular databases, data warehouses, cloud services, APIs, and more. 

Apart from a wide range of connectors, what makes Airbyte notable is its support for real-time data synchronization. This feature allows you to quickly make decisions based on the most up-to-date data.

Let’s understand how to create a CSV to BigQuery ETL pipeline using Airbyte UI.

Prerequisites

  • A CSV file hosted on AWS S3, GCS, HTTPS, or an SFTP server.
  • GCP project in Google Cloud Console.

You would need a BigQuery dataset in your GCP project to load CSV file data. To create a dataset and a table within a dataset, follow the steps mentioned below:

  • Log into Google Cloud Console > Create a project > Open BigQuery.
  • In the BigQuery, select the project where you want to create the dataset.
  • Click on the Create dataset button and provide a unique Dataset ID, Dataset location, description, and set access control for the dataset.
  • After configuring the dataset details, click Create Dataset to create a new dataset.
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  • Open the dataset that you created and click on the Create Table button to create a new table where you’ll be storing CSV file data.

Step 1: Configure a CSV Source in Airbyte

  • Sign up for Airbyte Cloud or deploy Airbyte OSS. After successful login, select Sources present on the Airbyte dashboard.
  • In the Search bar, type CSV and select the File (CSV, JSON, Excel, Feather, Parquet) connector.
  • In the Create a source section:
  • Enter a Source name of your choice. 
  • In the Dataset Name field, enter the name of the target table where you want to replicate the CSV file. 
  • Select the File Format as CSV from the drop-down. 
  • Choose the Storage Provider from the drop-down and configure the provider-specific fields. 
  • Enter the URL path of the CSV file to be replicated in the URL field.
  • Once you’ve filled in all the configuration fields, click on Set up source. 
  • Now, Airbyte will start testing your connection. If all the fields are entered correctly, you’ll receive a connection successful message.
  • For a comprehensive understanding of each field, you can refer to the Airbyte File source connector.

Step 2: Configure a BigQuery Destination in Airbyte 

  • To set BigQuery as your destination in Airbyte, go back to the dashboard and select Destinations.
  • Search BigQuery connector in the Search bar and select the connector.
  • Enter the name for the BigQuery connector in the Destination name field. In the Connection section, enter your Google Cloud Project ID, Dataset location, Default Dataset ID, Location Method, Service Account Key JSON, GCS Bucket Name, and GCS Bucket Path.
  • Click on the Set up Destination button, and Airbyte will initiate to test your destination connection.
  • If you find any of the configuration fields unclear, you can refer to Airbyte’s BigQuery setup guide for clarification.

Step 3: Create an Airbyte Connection 

  • Now go to the dashboard and select Connections from the left-side pane to establish a connection between CSV and BigQuery. Click on Create a new Connection.
  • Next, choose the CSV File source you’ve recently created and repeat the same process for the BigQuery destination. 
  • Provide the new Connection Name and set the Replication frequency. You can change the frequency depending on your requirements.
  • On the same page, you can select the Sync mode for your source files. If you aren’t sure about which replication or sync mode to choose, refer to the replication modes in Airbyte. The image below illustrates the configuration steps within Airbyte.
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Step 4: Review Data in BigQuery

Once you start the first sync, your data from CSV will be replicated to BigQuery. After a successful sync, you should be able to see your CSV file data migrated in the BigQuery tables.

This approach provides a user-friendly way to ingest and work with CSV data in BigQuery in real time.

Manual Approach to Add CSV Data to BigQuery

To load CSV data from Cloud Storage into a new BigQuery table, you have multiple options available, including: 

  • Using the BigQuery Console,
  • bq command line tool,
  • Google Cloud’s API,
  • Programming languages like Python, Ruby, Java, C#, Go, Java, Node.js, PHP, and Ruby.

Using the BigQuery Console

  • To begin with CSV to BigQuery data integration using BigQuery console, sign in to your Google Cloud account. 
  • If you haven’t already created a dataset in BigQuery, you can create one within your BigQuery project.
  • Once your dataset is ready, select it, and then create a new table within the dataset to copy CSV file data.
  • In the Create Table panel, choose to create a table from an uploaded CSV file. You can either upload the CSV file from your local machine or specify the Cloud Storage file path. Define the table schema and configure other settings like partitioning and clustering.

Using the bq command-line Tool

You can manually migrate data from CSV to BigQuery using the bq load command line tool. This assumes you have the Google Cloud SDK (gcloud) installed and properly configured.

First, ensure your CSV file is prepared with the data you want to load into BigQuery, including a header row with column names. You can upload a CSV file to the GCS for simpler access. The other way is using the gsutil command to copy the file to a GCS bucket.

The syntax to copy CSV files stored in your local machine to the GCS bucket is as follows:

gsutil cp path/file_name.csv gs://bucket_name/

Next, use the bq load command to load your CSV data into the BigQuery table. Specify the target dataset and table, as well as the GCS location of your file. You can also set additional options, such as defining the schema or delimiters as needed.

bq load --source_format=CSV dataset_name.table_name gs://bucket_name/file_name.csv

Replace the required fields and execute the command. Monitor the load job’s status with the bq show command.

While the manual approach seems simple, it can be time-consuming and burdensome due to the need for meticulous configuration and the potential for human error. We recommend using a real-time and reliable solution like Airbyte.

Wrapping up

Moving data from a CSV file to a robust warehouse like Google BigQuery can streamline your decision-making journey, facilitating data analysis and informed choices.

This article taught you how to implement an ELT pipeline from CSV to BigQuery quickly. This streamlined approach simplifies the process of capturing and loading CSV data to BigQuery.

You can quickly participate in discussions on Airbyte’s community Slack channel, where you can engage with a thriving community of data professionals, share your insights, and collectively contribute to the success of diverse projects.

What should you do next?

Hope you enjoyed the reading. Here are the 3 ways we can help you in your data journey:

flag icon
Easily address your data movement needs with Airbyte Cloud
Take the first step towards extensible data movement infrastructure that will give a ton of time back to your data team. 
Get started with Airbyte for free
high five icon
Talk to a data infrastructure expert
Get a free consultation with an Airbyte expert to significantly improve your data movement infrastructure. 
Talk to sales
stars sparkling
Improve your data infrastructure knowledge
Subscribe to our monthly newsletter and get the community’s new enlightening content along with Airbyte’s progress in their mission to solve data integration once and for all.
Subscribe to newsletter

Frequently Asked Questions

What data can you extract from CSV File Destination?

What data can you transfer to BigQuery?

You can transfer a wide variety of data to BigQuery. This usually includes structured, semi-structured, and unstructured data like transaction records, log files, JSON data, CSV files, and more, allowing robust, scalable data integration and analysis.

What are top ETL tools to transfer data from CSV File Destination to BigQuery?

The most prominent ETL tools to transfer data from CSV File Destination to BigQuery include:

  • Airbyte
  • Fivetran
  • Stitch
  • Matillion
  • Talend Data Integration

These tools help in extracting data from CSV File Destination and various sources (APIs, databases, and more), transforming it efficiently, and loading it into BigQuery and other databases, data warehouses and data lakes, enhancing data management capabilities.