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Easily replicate data from Db2 to Postgres

Learn how to easily replicate your data from IBM Db2 to Postgres, where it can be combined with data from other sources to get a holistic view of your business.

IBM defines Db2 as a cloud-native database built to power low latency transactions and real-time analytics at scale. It provides a single engine for DBAs, enterprise architects, and developers to keep critical applications running, store and query anything, and power faster decision making and innovation across your organization. 

On the other hand, PostgreSQL is a powerful, open source object-relational database system with over 35 years of active development that has earned it a strong reputation for reliability, feature robustness, and performance. It also ranks among the top 10 databases worldwide, and its popularity is growing rapidly.

You may wish to replicate your data from IBM Db2 to PostgreSQL. Here are a few reasons why:

  • PostgreSQL is an open-source database, while Db2 is a proprietary database. Therefore, moving data to PostgreSQL may reduce costs.
  • G2 claims that PostgreSQL performs better than Db2.
  • Unlike Db2, PostgreSQL supports a wide range of operating systems.
  • PostgreSQL supports secondary indexes without any restriction.
  • You can run both your operational and analytical workloads on PostgreSQL.
  • You may use Postgres as a single location to transform and join data from across the enterprise.

In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to replicate data from IBM Db2 to PostgreSQL using Airbyte. Let’s get started!

Prerequisites

Below are some prerequisites required for the tutorial.

* This tutorial was tested on an Apple Macintosh running X86 silicon.  At the time of writing, an ARM64-compatible Db2 docker image was not available, and so this does not work on newer ARM-based Macs.  

Step 1: Create a sample database table in IBM Db2 

To migrate data from Db2 to Postgres, you must first create a sample table in the Db2 database. Using the Db2 docker image, you need to run the following series of commands to start the database engine and connect to it: 

As discussed in the Docker Db2 Quick Start, start db2 as follows: 


docker run -itd --name db2 --restart unless-stopped -e DBNAME=testdb -v /tmp/:/database -e DB2INST1_PASSWORD=MyP@$sw0rD -e LICENSE=accept -p 50000:50000 --privileged=true ibmcom/db2

Open a shell to the container:


docker exec -it db2 bash -c "su - db2inst1"

You should see a prompt similar to the following:


[db2inst1@8f2558dccbb0 ~]$

Use the db2 shell to connect to the testdb database:


db2 
connect to testdb

Use the CREATE TABLE command to create a new table called FLOWER:


CREATE TABLE FLOWER (NAME VARCHAR(200), COLOR VARCHAR(200), FCOUNT INT)

Use the SQL INSERT INTO command to insert records into the FLOWER table as follows:


INSERT INTO FLOWER (name, color, fcount) VALUES ('Lily', 'White', 12),  ('Rose', 'Red', 1),  ('Lotus', 'Pink', 8),  ('Sunflower', 'Yellow', 9),  ('Daisy', 'White', 10),  ('Poppy', 'Red', 3),  ('Narcissus', 'Yellow', 12),  ('Blue Morning Glory', 'Blue', 10),  ('Chamomile Vine', 'Yellow', 19),  ('Scarlet', 'Red', 16)

Now that you have a populated Db2 database, you can use Airbyte to replicate your data!

Step 2: Set up IBM Db2 as an Airbyte source

After you have downloaded and followed the instructions to start Airbyte, you will be able to access the web UI through a browser on localhost:8000

You need to click the New Source button in the sources tab and select the Db2 source, after which some configuration details will be requested. Enter the values that were specified when the Db2 container was created, as follows: 

Once you enter all the details, click on the Setup Source button, which will connect to Db2 and validate your Airbyte source configuration. 

Step 3: Start PostgreSQL

Next you will set up the destination and get it running before configuring Airbyte to use it. Start a container running PostgreSQL as follows:


docker run --rm --name postgres-destination -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=password -p 3000:5432 -d postgres:13

Open a shell to the PostgreSQL container:


docker exec -it postgres-destination /bin/bash

Confirm that PostgreSQL is running using psql shell within the container:


psql -U postgres

Enter Ctrl+D to exit the psql shell.

Step 4: Setup PostgreSQL as an Airbyte destination

Now that PostgreSQL is running, you can set up PostgreSQL as an Airbyte destination. In the destination configuration, you will provide the  information that allows you to connect to the destination – complete the configuration as shown below, using the values that you specified when the PostgreSQL container was started:

Step 5: Set up a Db2 to PostgreSQL connection

After setting up the source and the destination in Airbyte, you can choose to create a new connection, with the source and the destination that we have just created. You will then see a UI similar to the following:

As can be seen in the image above, Airbyte has detected that the source database has a FLOWER table. For the sync mode, we have chosen Incremental |Append and have specified FCOUNT as the cursor field

Click on the Set Up Connection button to complete the configuration, at which point the connection is established and will start syncing data.

Once the sync is complete, you can verify if the data successfully landed in PostgreSQL. Let’s use the PostgreSQL shell (psql) to confirm as follows:


docker exec -it postgres-destination psql -U postgres 

After connecting to the database, you can check all the available schemas and tables in the PostgreSQL database using the following command:


\dt *.*;

Airbyte has created a new table with the name flower. Next, you can check the data inside the flower table using the SELECT command as follows:


SELECT * FROM flower;

Which should respond with a table that looks similar to the following:

The records from the Db2 database are now available in Postgres, including some additional metadata columns created by Airbyte. 

If you were to execute additional syncs by pressing the Sync now button, you would see that only new records (i.e. records that have an FCOUNT value greater than the highest FCOUNT value in records that were previously replicated), will be copied. This is because we have chosen incremental replication with FCOUNT as the cursor. This is discussed in more detail in the tutorial: Explore Airbyte’s incremental data synchronization

Wrapping Up

This tutorial has demonstrated the following:

  1. Start a container running IBM Db2
  2. Configure an Airbyte source to replicate data from Db2.
  3. Start a container running PostgreSQL.
  4. Configure a PostgreSQL as an Airbyte destination.
  5. Create an Airbyte connection that syncs data from Db2 to PostgreSQL.

If you liked this tutorial, you might also consider browsing Airbyte’s blog or other tutorials. You can also participate in conversations on Airbyte's discourse, join our community Slack channel, or subscribe to our newsletter. Additionally, you may test out Airbyte Cloud if you're interested in Airbyte as a fully managed service!

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